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Acambis : Smallpox Vaccine

In 2000, CDC awarded a contract to Acambis of Cambridge, Massachusetts to produce smallpox vaccine. Initially producing 40 million doses, Acambis anticipates delivery of the first full scale production lots in 2004Acambis can confirm that this programme has been accelerated but is unable to give more details at this stage.
ID Number : 17934
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Anthrax as a Biological Weapon: Medical and Public Health Management

Of the numerous biological agents that may be used as weapons, the Working Group on Civilian Biodefense has identified a limited number of organisms that could cause disease and deaths in sufficient numbers to cripple a city or region. Anthrax is one of the most serious of these diseases.
ID Number : 17712
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Anthrax Vaccine

The only known effective prevention against anthrax is the anthrax vaccine. The vaccine was developed from an attenuated strain of B. anthracis. The vaccine derives from the cell-free culture filtrate of this strain and, in its final formulation, is adsorbed onto an aluminum salt. No cases of inhalation anthrax occurred in anthrax vaccine recipients. Based upon a comparison between the anthrax vaccine and placebo recipients, the authors calculated a vaccine efficacy level of 92.5 percent.
ID Number : 17718
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CDC : Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

The primary way that SARS appears to spread is by close person-to-person contact. Most cases of SARS have involved people who cared for or lived with someone with SARS, or had direct contact with infectious material (for example, respiratory secretions) from a person who has SARS. Potential ways in which SARS can be spread include touching the skin of other people or objects that are contaminated with infectious droplets and then touching your eye(s), nose, or mouth. This can happen when someone who is sick with SARS coughs or sneezes droplets onto themselves, other people, or nearby surfaces. It also is possible that SARS can be spread more broadly through the air or by other ways that are currently not known.
ID Number : 20884
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : News

This page carries the latest CDC press releases.
ID Number : 17703
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention : Rumors and Hoaxes

This page carries the latest CDC health related hoaxes and rumors.
ID Number : 17704
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Combating Terrorism: Federal Response to a Biological Weapons Attack

The focus of the hearing was on a recent terrorism response exercise ominously named Dark Winter during which the unimaginable had to be imagined: a multi-site smallpox attack on an unvaccinated American populace. The scenario called upon those playing the president, the National Security Council and state officials to deal with the crippling consequences of what quickly became a massive public health and national security crisis.
ID Number : 17931
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DoD Anthrax Vaccination Program Web Site

The vaccine is a cell-free filtrate, produced from a strain of anthrax that does not cause disease. The vaccine contains no whole bacteria, dead or alive.This web site is provided as a public service by the Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program (AVIP) Agency. Provides information on anthrax including: why anthrax is a threat, what the anthrax vaccine is, what the vaccine does, history of anthrax, and a facts vs. myths section.
ID Number : 17716
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Influenza Prevention and Control

Influenza, commonly called "the flu," is an infection of the respiratory tract caused by the influenza virus. Compared with most other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, influenza infection often causes a more severe illness. Typical influenza illness includes fever (usually 100ºF to 103ºF in adults and often even higher in children) and respiratory symptoms, such as cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, as well as headache, muscle aches, and often extreme fatigue. Although nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can sometimes accompany influenza infection, especially in children, these symptoms are rarely the primary symptoms.
ID Number : 17932
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MEDLINEplus : Anthrax

Anthrax is an infectious, often fatal, disease associated with animal contact (mostly farm animals) and which, today, is rarely seen in the United States but still exists in Africa, Asia and the Middle East. Anthrax is caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. It is a disease of sheep, cattle, horses, goats, and swine. Human infection, though rare, is an occupational disease of farm workers, veterinarians, and tannery and wool workers.
ID Number : 17713
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Mosquitoes introduction - Health Department Fairfax County, Va

Mosquitoes are a very important insect pest affecting the health of humans because of their ability to transmit diseases. Virginia has 55 different known species of mosquitoes. There are approximately 30 different kinds of mosquitoes in Fairfax County. Fairfax health officials are asking residents to be more conscious of the need to eliminate mosquito breeding places around their homes. Health officials encourage residents to be on the lookout for small pools of water in rain gutters, discarded tires, tarps covering firewood, toys,pet water bowls,flower pots,bird baths, etc., which could be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Taking away or regular emptying of those potential mosquito breeding sites around the home will help limit the number of pesky mosquitoes and help reduce the mosquito population.
ID Number : 19240
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National Institute of Health : News and Events

ID Number : 17705
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POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS FROM DU USE IN THE GULF THEATER, 1990-1991

These results clearly indicate that the very conservative estimated risks from DU inhalation are less than the guidelines for members of the public. They also provide perspective on the requirements for respiratory protection around contaminated vehicles. A Gulf War-era technical bulletin recommended wearing MOPP 4 (Mission Oriented Protective Posture [MOPP] Level 4) because it was readily available to all soldiers. Most soldiers and civilians were not trained in DU�s characteristics and risks and were unaware of this protective guidance. taking 20 minutes to pass one burning Abrams Heavy Armor tank; entering 7 enemy vehicles hit by DU and spending 7 minutes in each vehicle without contaminating his hands; entering one enemy vehicle for one hour, contaminating his uncovered hands, which he then did not wash for two days; and taking 10 minutes to pass at a distance of 80 meters through the smoke of 3 burning enemy tanks struck by DU.
ID Number : 20740
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Smallpox

Smallpox infection was eliminated from the world in 1977. Smallpox is caused by variola virus. The incubation period is about 12 days (range: 7 to 17 days) following exposure. Initial symptoms include high fever, fatigue, and head and back aches. A characteristic rash, most prominent on the face, arms, and legs, follows in 2-3 days. The rash starts with flat red lesions that evolve at the same rate. Lesions become pus-filled and begin to crust early in the second week. Scabs develop and then separate and fall off after about 3-4 weeks. The majority of patients with smallpox recover, but death occurs in up to 30% of cases.
ID Number : 17933
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West Nile Virus Map

Printer Navigable Map Showing West Nile Virus Distribution in the State of Maryland.
ID Number : 19228
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West Nile Virus Map - Washington DC

Animated Map Showing West Nile Virus Distribution for the Washington DC metropolitan area.
ID Number : 19229
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